Places to Visit in Rajasthan
Rajasthan, a state situated in North-Western part of India is the largest state by area. The state has a mix of desert area (Thar Desert) in west and Aravali Mountain ranges and plains in other parts. It shares its border with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Pakistan
Rajasthan is the most favored tourist destination among the tourist’s attractions of India. Rajasthan is very correctly known as the Royal State of India and it is quite unique and offbeat than other tourist destination of India and this makes it globally famous. The distinguished features of Rajasthan are its timeless monuments, palaces, royal charm, fairs, its rich culture and festivals. Tourists also get attracted to this state because of its wildlife tourism as the state has some of the world renowned national parks and sanctuaries. Thousands of tourists from all over the world come to Rajasthan to explore its enchanting tourism all the year round. The charm and tourist attractions of this state make its tourists fall in love with the state
The following are the hot tourist places in Rajasthan. These Rajasthan toursit places offer absolute traditional and royal treatment to its guests. Witness this rich royal tourist places in Rajasthan
Ajmer This city is as old as turbulent history. It is linked to Delhi, Agra, Ahamedabad, Mount Abu, Jodhpur, Udaipur and Jaipur through main highways. It was the capital along with Delhi of Chauhan'era. After the defeat of Prithvi Raj Chauhan at the hand of Mohd. Ghori(1193), it rendered to many invasion and gory battles. It is a great center of pilgrimage for Hindus and Muslims that gives a genuine amalgam.
In the heart of city, is the dargah of KHWAJA MOIN-ud-DIN CHISTI, `DARGAH SHARIF'-probably the most important Muslim Shrine in the India-Sub-Continent with tens of thousands of pilgrims flocking here especially during the URS celebrations. it is the second Mecca/Madena, for the South Asian Muslims.
Alwar is nestled between clusters of small hills of the Aravali range. It is the gateway tone of the finest wildlife sanctuary – Sariska that is an excellent home of tigers, birds and variety of animals. Apart from its long history, the city has a rich heritage with some beautiful lakes and picturesque valleys thickly wooded in parts. The medieval fort crowning a scarped hill, over looks the town below. Rao Pratap Singh founded Alwar in 1775 A.D.
Bharatpur is famous for it's Bird Sanctuary, the Keoladeo Ghanna National Park, which is Heritage-listed. October to February is when many migratory birds can be seen here. There are at least 415 kinds of birds which have been recorded here. Out of this 117 migrate from Siberia and China. Apart from being a wildlife rich city Bharatpur is also famous for it's Lohagarh Fort, which is said to be an 18th century fort and occupies the entire small artificial island in the center of the town. There are three palaces which are in decayed stage of which houses a museum whose exhibits include sculptures, paintings, weapons and animal trophies.
Bikaner is a desert town founded by Rao Bika in 1488. The Ganga Canal built between 1925-27 covering a large area in and around Bikaner is another must visit. The Bikaner city has five gates, palaces, forts and temples made of red and yellow sandstone. The traditional aura in the Bikaner is evident in its colourful bazaars and havelis. The Bikaner city is also home to the best riding camels in the world. The tourist destinations in Bikaner include the Lallgarh Palace; the red sandstone palace built by Maharaja Ganga Singh. The palace is also known for beautiful latticework and filigree work. A part of the palace is partially converted into a luxury hotel and the remaining part into a museum by the name of Shri Sadul Museum. The other must visits in the Bikaner city include Junagarh Fort, Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum and Jain Temples.
Bundi - The Undiscovered Splendour
Located amidst a hilly terrain in Southern Rajasthan lies the small rustic town of Bundi was the capital of one of the erstwhile princely states of Rajasthan. It is known for its palaces, impressive medieval forts, baolis (step wells) and water tanks. The monuments and their architecture reflect the splendor of the local Rajput chiefs. The walls of the palaces at Bundi are decorated with life-size frescoes depicting the glory of its rulers. Temples with beautiful stone idols and chattris with carved pillars, along with a picturesque lake in the heart of the town, add to its charm.
Situated about 110 km south of Udaipur, Dungarpur, or the City of Hills, was founded in the 13ht century. You can visit the Juna Mahal which is adorned with beautiful frescoes, paintings, mirror work and glass inlays; the well maintained Government run Rajmata Devendra Kanwar Museum and the beautiful Deo Somnath Temple.
Capital city of Rajasthan also known as "Pink City" is about 250 km from Delhi, and your starting point for Rajasthan. Founded by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727 is famous for Amber Fort, jantar mantar, hawa mahal, city palace & Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh. Also for the textile block prints, semi precious jewelry, handicraft items and Raj Mandhir (Movie theater).
The 16th century capital of the Rathore Rajputs, Jodhpur is an island of marble palaces, and lies at the edge of the Thar Desert. Founded in 1459 A.D. by Suryavanshi Rao Jodha, chief of the Rathore clan, the city is flanked by the 15th century Mehrangarh Fort and the stately Palace of Umaid Bhawan. The monuments, temples and gardens of Jodhpur portray a versatile magnificence. Jodhpur is also known as the city of forts and palaces in India
This picturesque town was founded by Bhatti Rajput Rawal Jaisal in 1156 and located in the western region of Rajasthan, right in the heart of the Thar Desert. The Jaisalmer fort is one of the key tourist attractions in Rajasthan owing to the color of the sandstone blocks it is made of. The Jain temples and golden sand dunes at Sam are the must-visit spots in Jaisalmer.
Jhalawar Fort (Garh Palace)
Jhalawar Fort (Garh Palace)
One of the famous places to see in Jhalawar is the Jhalawar Fort. Maharajrana Madan Singh built the Jhalawar Fort, situated in the heart of the town, during 1840-1845. As time passed, his descendants added exquisite paintings inside the rooms of the fort. Some of the most delightful wall paintings can be seen in the Zenana Khas. Also known as the Garh Palace, the fort presently accommodates the Collectorate and some other offices
Kota - Magic aling the mighty Chambal
Along the eastern bank of the Chambal River lies Kota - This is an ancient city, too, reflecting the glory of its olden days through its wonderful Forts and palaces the prominent being City Palace. Situated on the bank of Chambal river, Kota is famous for its painting work, unique of its kind has many beautiful temples and palaces relating stories of an age gone by. Jag Mandir, Brij Vilas Palace Gardens, Darra Wildlife Sanctuary, the ruins of the ancient city named Chandravati are the most enjoyable sites.
The Kumbhalgarh fort surrounded by 13 mountain peaks of Aravalli ranges in the Kumbhalgarh town is the most principal landmark after Chittaurgarh Fort in the Mewar region. Built by Maharana Kumbha in the 15th century, the fort has many temples, palaces, gardens and water storage facilities. The most picturesque of the palace is the 'Badal Mahal' or Palace of Clouds. The other must-sees in Kumbhalgarh include the Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary with a wide variety of wildlife particularly wolves. Muchhal Mahavira Temple that adjoins the Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary is another must visit for all the tourists.
Nathdwara, the Gateway to the Lord, is one of the most popular pilgrimage centers in the state. The place is located 48 km away from the lake city of Udaipur. A tour to Nathdwara is truly a treat to eyes and soul. The best time to plan a tour to Nathdwara Rajasthan is in the month of November during the famous Annakuta festival. Explore the tourist attractions of the town amidst the joyous celebration.
The most popular tourist attraction of Nathdwara is Shrinathji temple, devoted to Lord Krishna. A black stone idol of Lord Krishna is placed inside the temple. Do not forget to visit the Shrinathji temple on your Nathdwara. The idol was transferred from Mathura to Rajasthan in the 17th century to protect it from Aurangzeb. Devotees from far-flung places visit the temple to seek the blessings of the Lord.
The town of Nathdwara is a perfect base to visit the lake city of Udaipur. Let the breathtaking beauty of the city sway your senses. One of the most romantic places in the country, Udaipur is dotted with a number of remarkable attractions such as City Palace Museum, Jag Mandir, Bharatiya Lok Kala Museum, Saheliyon-ki-Bari, Maharana Pratap Memorial, Ahar and Jagdish Mandir.
This small township and the sacred lake of Pushkar is II kms. away from Ajmer. The road to Pushkar winds through the Nag Pahar (Snake Mountain), leading to the ancient lake. According to religious texts this lake is supposed to have appeared miraculously when a lotus flower fell from the hands of Lord Brahma and dropped into this valley.
Pushkar lake, believed by the Hindus to be as old as creation, has been a place of pilgrimage through the centuries. Pushkar has stood witness to the procession of history from the time of Rama, the hero of the earliest Hindu epic the Ramayana, to Fa-Hien's accounts of Pushkar in the 4th century A.D. and to the time of the Muslim invasions.
There are 52 bathing ghats, built around the lake. The water around each ghat is supposed to have special powers. The Naga Kund is believed to give fertility, Roop Tirth beauty, Kapil Vyapi Kund water helps in curing leprosy and a dip in the Mnkand Muni Kund grant the boon of wisdom.
Annually on Kartik Pumima (the full moon day), the famous Pushkar fair is held. Devotees come to take a holy dip in the lake water. Folk dancers and folk musicians of different regions and culture come together to breathe new life into the town. Famous for it's camel fair which is held every year in November.
Famous for some remarkably carved Jain temples in amber stone; Ranakpur is one of the fine holy places of the Jain disciples. Situated 96 km from Udaipur, these temples were built in the reign of Rana Kumbha. The main shrine of the temple is the central 'Chaumukha' or four faced temple dedicated to Bhagwan Rishabdev, the first Jain Tirthankar. It has 80 domes and 20 halls supported by 1444 pillars. Visited by the people of all faiths equally, Ranakpur is the most frequently visited places in Rajasthan and India.
ohet - the fortified desert home of the descendants of the 16th century Rathore of the Champawat clan, Thakur Dalpat Singh I. The "Jagir" (Fiefdom) of Rohet was bestowed upon him in 1622 A.D. by the Maharaja Of Jodhpur, as a mark of appreciation for his bravery in battle. Generations of valiant noble-men have built this heritage home where, notwithstanding the inroads of modernity, aristocratic values are respected. The visitor of today experiences the famed warmth of courteous Rajput hospitality. Brilliantly plumed peacocks strut about, perching themselves under finely carved stone archways and the wind whispers through the neem tree groves and bougainvilleas. Within these time weathered walls lies an oasis of landscaped gardens and flowers in bloom - your Oasis in the arid land of Marwar.
Sariska National Park Tour
Sariska, the erstwhile royal preserve of the rulers of Alwar, is 21 km from Alwar. It became a sanctuary in the year 1958 and came under the Project Tiger in 1979. Converted into a national park in 1982, it has a total area of 474 sq km. The beautiful Siliserh Lake running along the edge of the Park has a large number of crocodiles. This tiger reserve is one of the best tiger reserves in India and is frequently visited by the tourists for watching tigers closely.
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is one of the best examples of the efforts in Project Tiger. It is located between Bharatpur and Kota near Sawai Madhopur. In the last census 27 tigers were counted. this park which provides a wonderful scenery is spread in the vast area of 400 sq. kms has a lot of lakes and rivers flowing through. On top of one of the inclined surfaces there is a well preserved Ranthambore Fort which was built in 10th century. A lot of ruins of pavilions, canopies can be found here. These were used by the maharajas for hunting.
The exotic city of Udaipur is a living museum that records over hundreds of years of history. It is a magical place full of temples and fountains surrounded by hills. Also called the lake city, Udaipur achieved movie stardom as the setting for the Bond movie Octopus. The City of Lakes is known for the shimmering waters of Lake Pichola and Fateh Sagar Lake. The gardens and palaces within the city are the major tourist attractions for the visitors in the city. No visit to the city is complete without eating in one of the restaurants while watching it on video.
Mount Abu Tour
The only hill station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu is also an important pilgrim center, particularly for the Jain disciples. Situated at the southern tip of the Aravalli range, it is home to the Dilwara group of temples, among the finest examples of Jain architecture in India, dating back to the 11th century. Nakki Lake is another place of tourist attraction in Mount Abu in Rajasthan. Being the only hill resort of Rajasthan, it is also traveled by the newly married couples in India, making it a popular honeymooner's paradise.
Sahelion Ki Bari
Saheliyon-ki-Bari or the 'Garden of the Maids of Honor' of Udaipur was once reserved for the royal ladies who came here for a stroll. A well planned garden, with extensive lawns and shady walks situated on the banks of the dainty Fateh Sagar Lake was constructed in 18th century by Maharana Sangram Singh for forty-eight young ladies-in-waiting sent to the royal house, as part of the dowry as a cool summer retreat for them.
48 km from Udaipur, Shrinathji of Nathdwara is actually a temple of Lord Krishna with his image carved out of a single block of black marble. Set amidst idyllic hills, it is said to be the second richest temple in the world. The royalty of Udaipur pray at the temple and as the head of his clan, the Maharana is also called as Shriji among his people.
Maharaja Ganga Singh (1881-1942) built Lalgarh Mahal, Sir Swinton Jacob being the chief architect. An imposing building, it has a captivation combination of Oriental style with its delicate latticework and European luxury with its overhanging balconies and terraced lawns. Peacocks and bougainvillea bushes provide the final strokes to the loveliness of its scenic beauty. The Lal Ghar Palace Library has a massive collection of rare, original Sanskrit manuscripts on parchments, copper and gold or silver plaques. The Lalgarh palace is open daily from 10 am to 5 pm and is closed on Wednesdays.
Umaid Bhawan Palace
The famine had struck the arid and barren land of Jodhpur and farmers were dying of hunger as their lands yielded nothing and they had no money to buy food. It was then, when like a judicious king, Maharaja Umaid Singh of Jodhpur undertook the construction of this magnificent building as a famine relief project to provide employment and a regular source of income to his subjects.
The Chittorgarh Fort has witnessed three bloody sieges and 'jauhars' (a Rajput tradition in which royal maidens and ladies immolate themselves in the fire to save their honor from the cruel hands of the enemy, when there is no chance of defeating the enemy).
'Dargah Sharif' or 'Holy Dargah' is one of the most sacred Muslim shrines in the country. Venerated by both Hindus and Muslims, it is the tomb of Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chisti, a Sufi saint who came from Persia and devoted his life to the service and upliftment of the poor and downtrodden.
Fateh Sagar Lake
Fateh Sagar Lake
The pretty Fateh Sagar Lake of Udaipur is located to the north of Lake Pichola was originally built in 1678 by Maharana Jai Singh as a medium-sized perennial storage reservoir. Surrounded by holls on three sides and Pratap Memorial on the fourth, it presents captivating scenery.
Havelis of Jaisalmer
The beautiful sandstone mansions of Jaisalmer's wealthy merchants are known as 'havelis'. Their elaborate homes are a poem etched out in sandstone with infinite details and pains, carved and pieced together in different patterns, and though they are lavish and loud in nature,
Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh erected Hawa Mahal or the Palace of the Wind in 1799, which eventually became one of the major landmarks of Jaipur. An integral part of the City Palace, it is actually an extension of its women's chambers, and is secluded from the main complex.
In Sanskrit, 'Jantar Mantar' is used for 'Magical Devices' and it is undoubtedly so with the huge masonry instruments, which were placed here to measure 'the harmony of the heavens'. Conceived by Sawai Raja Jai Singh II, it was completed in seven years from 1728 to 1734.
Maharaja Udai Singh did not underestimate the panoramic beauty of Lake Pichola surrounded by beautiful hills when he chose to widen it. Later Maharaja Jagjit Singh conceptualized the two beautiful island palaces in the middle of the lake, now, known as Jag Niwas (the much-renowned Lake Palace) and Jag Mandir that adds to the shimmering beauty of the lake.
Albert Hall Museum
Positioned amidst the gardens of Ram Niwas Bagh in Jaipur, this museum has an assortment of rare articles on its display including textiles, carpets, paintings, metal and wood crafts, pottery, arms and weapons,
Raja Man Singh built Amer Palace in 16th century. It is a mesmerizing blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture. Rajputs made use of the Amber Fort from the 16th century up to the foundation of Jaipur in 1727 both for defense purpose as well as the residential purposes.
Situated in the capital of Rajasthan, the City Palace of Jaipur or the chief palace is a titillating fusion of conventional Rajasthan and Mughal architecture. The gigantic palace complex engages one seventh of the walled city of Jaipur.
Swai Madhopur is the gateway to the world renowned Ranthambhor National Park- the famous Tiger Reserve , Tigers can be spotted quite often in their natural habitat even during daytime. There are about 264 species of birds found within the park including painted storks, white-necked storks, black storks, peafowl, crested serpent eagles, Bonelli's eagle, Indian horned owl, quail, partridge, spur fowl, paradise flycatcher and jacanas. During winters migratory birds like graylag goose, ruddy sheiduck and pintails may also be spotted. Monitor lizards and marsh crocodiles are also found here. Ranthambore is one of the most suitable places for wildlife photography in world tourism.
Samode Deep in the desert, against a background of stony hills lies the large sprawling haveli (palace) of Samode which stands apart in serene splendor amid rugged hills.To reach the haveli one has to first pass through the quaint little village of Samode. Small havelis and village houses are set on either side of a stone paved road that curves gently up the hill and, entering through a high arched gateway, one is finally inside the building which gleams a pale yellow in the sunlight.
Junagarh Fort Built by Raja Rai Singh (who was a contemporary of Akbar), the fort remains unconquered till date except once, when Kamran supposedly captured it but could not retain it over 24 hours. It has 37 palaces, temples and pavilions that are built in red sandstone and marble. Richly decorated with mirror work, paintings and outstanding stone carvings, the architectural brilliance of the fort is worth seeing.
Suraj Pol (the Sun Gate) is the main doorway of the fort. The palaces are on the southern side of the fort and their courtyards, kiosks, towers and windows make a scenic view. The notable tourist attractions are Chandra Mahal (The Moon palace), Phool Mahal (The Flower Palace), Karan Mahal (Karn Palace), Anup Mahal, Diwan-e-Khas (Public Audience Hall), Hawa Mahal (the Wind Palace), Badal Mahal (the Cloud Palace), Rang Mahal (the Color Palace), Dungar Mahal, and Ganga Mahal. The fort is open from10 am to 4.30 pm daily and is closed on Fridays. The entry fee includes the fee of the guide.
Fort Junagarh Museum
As the name suggests, it is located in the fort of Junagaarh and has an wide-ranging collection of manuscripts, carpets, jars, jewellery, armory, decorative items, treaties, and several other artifacts on its display.
Climate of Rajasthan- Summer that extends from April to June, is the hottest season, with temperatures ranging from 32C to 45C. In western Rajasthan the temp may rise to 50C, particularly in May and June. At this time, In the desert regions, the temperatures drops in night. Prevailing winds are from the west and sometimes carry dust storms. The rainy season of Monsoon extends from July to September, temperature drop a little (35-35C) drops but humidity increases The Post-monsoon period of October to November is pleasant and the best times to visit Rajasthan. The average maximum temperature is 33C to 38C, and the minimum is between 18C and 20C. The winter extends from December to February and minimum temperatures in some areas in Rajasthan tend to drop to 0C. There is a marked variation in maximum and minimum temperatures, and regional variations across the state.
Language of Rajasthan- Hindi is the official language of the state. But the principal language is "Rajasthani", and the four major dialects are Marwari in the west, Jaipuri in the east, Malwi in the southeast and Mewati in the northeast. But most people understand and speak Hindi. In cities educated people also understand and speak English.
Rajasthan Culture and civilization - Its culture and civilization is formed by the interaction of various communities. The history of heroic and glorious deeds began with the attacks of the Muslim rulers. The stories of valor and sacrifices of Rajasthani people are written in the folk songs of Rajasthan. Most of the festivals are based on these historic stories. The important communities in Rajasthan include Rajput, Brahmins, Jats, Gurjars and Patels. Each of these communities has its own dresses, customs and habits. Males wear dhoti, kurta -pajama and turban and the ladies wear ghaghra, choli and sari.
Districts in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts and seven divisions:
Ajmer Division : Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk
Bharatpur Division : Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur
Bikaner Division : Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh
Jaipur Division : Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa
Jodhpur Division : Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur District, Pali, Sirohi
Kota Division : Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota
Udaipur Division : Banswara District, Chittorgarh District, Pratapgarh District, Dungarpur District, Udaipur, Rajsamand
When to Go:
Pre-monsoons in Rajasthan extends from April to June, and is the hottest season, with temperatures ranging from 32°-45°C. At this time, Mount Abu remains the only option to head for. Come Monsoons (July to September) temperature drops but humidity increases making it very uncomfortable. January-March is winters when temperature even drops to 0°C at places. The best time to visit Rajasthan is during the cooler months from October to March.
How to reach Rajasthan
By Air: Rajasthan State has 3 major airports in Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur. Ragualr flights helps to connect to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai.
By Air: Rajasthan State has 3 major airports in Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur. Ragualr flights helps to connect to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai.
By Rail: Rajasthan has a great facility of Railway network. Major Railway Stations placed in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Udaipur, which are further connected with important Indian cities.
By Road: One can reach Rajasthan by Road very easily since an network of National Highways and State Highways roads covers the state extensively. From Delhi, Jaipur is only 5 hours drive along the panoramic roadways. So most of the tourists prefer travel to Rajasthan by road.
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